Project-Based Learning: What Is It & Its Impact on Students’ Learning

Project-based learning

Learning is not limited to four walls of a room or some copies or various lessons. It is beyond the definite structure of studying and breaks the barriers of traditional teaching. When you want to grow your learning, you always need to seek different strategies and methods such as project-based learning (PBL). 

When you want to advance your learning graph, you have to meet the challenges, address the problems, and go with the pace of development in education. So, why not go with PBL?

What is PBL or Project-Based Learning?

Project-based learning is the instructional-based approach, which is centered on students. It is organized around projects. As we know, projects reflect complicated, challenging, and authentic activities. 

PBL counts as a teaching method to provide reality-based and meaningful projects. While working on any project, students have to work on it over an extended period.  They need to engage in their projects from weeks to months. As a result, it enhances student engagement. 

Furthermore, when you are eager to go beyond bookish knowledge, you need to make wise modifications in teaching as well as learning styles. Therefore, choosing project-based learning methods is effective but challenging as well.

Effective Elements of Project-Based Learning

  • Problem-Solving Attitude
  • Student approach & understanding
  • Content knowledge & attributes
  • Scholars’ skills
  • Advanced & Technological knowledge 
  • In-depth inquiry & innovation
  • Feedback & reflection 

The prime function of incorporating project-based learning is to develop a problem-solving attitude in students. It also helps them to create a vision to solve major problems.

Through this learning system, one can develop advanced skills and grow content knowledge. Moreover, learning through different projects embraces students’ voices and leads them in the right direction.

John Dewey’s Theory 

To get more insights on PBL, let’s have expert’s viewpoints on it.

John Dewey was an American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer. He was the major voice of progressive education and liberalism.  Dewey said, “Education is not preparation for life; education is life itself.” 

He objectified the educational structure that makes a balance between delivering knowledge inline the interests and experiences of the student. 

Indeed, his thoughts reflect “the child and the curriculum are simply two limits which define a single process. Just as two points define a straight line, so the present standpoint of the child and the facts and truths of studies define instruction.”

He challenged the traditional way of teaching in which students act as passive learners and recipients of knowledge.

More Insights On Project-Based Learning

While digging out more insights on PBL, we need to go through some research. “Project-Based Learning with eMUSE: An Experience Report” describes PBL as a student-centred instructional approach.

According to the report, the five characteristics of PBL could be:

Projects are central, not peripheral to the curriculum. Projects are not meant for the extension of concepts that are already known to you. Instead, it helps you to learn curriculum concepts effectively. 

  • While learning through projects, you will find more focus on problems instead of solutions to understand the central concepts and principles of a discipline.
  • When you work on projects, you need to go through a constructive investigation. 
  • Projects are not scripted and don’t have predetermined outcomes. Alternatively, projects are student-driven to some extent.
  • Projects are innovative and challenging. They are not school-like that limit your creativity.

Let’s talk about the market analysis of project-based learning. According to Absolute Market Analysis, the PBL market is expected to boost at a CAGR of 14.8% by 2027. Here, you must know that corporate institutions also use PBL to improve their employees’ skills.

The report also reveals that a practical approach to learning makes education centres implement interactive pedagogy beyond classroom-based ideas. It is expected that more education centres would integrate learning modules in their classroom studies to meet the market demands.

PBL: How Does It Affect Students’ Learning?

Project-based learning integrates amazing positive skills on scholars’ development. If you combine learning with real-based methods, it gets easy to infuse a sense of understanding in students.

Let’s bring down the positive side of PBL in learners’ development

Through interactive learning, students will become critical thinkers, independent workers, and problem-solvers. They can get a sense of ownership of their learning methods and results.

While handling large projects, peers need to work in groups. This makes them work as a team and redirect their tension in a diverse team.

Importantly, it fills the big crack between theoretical and practical education. PBL promotes true knowledge and develops a better understanding of the subject.

Shifting concerns towards more advanced forms of learning will help educators as well as scholars to see the progressive outcomes.

Furthermore, project-based learning infuses positive characteristics in students and makes them independent learners. This kind of learning develops other crucial skills such as critical thinking and decision-making.

Research on PBL reveals enhanced performance and engagement, increased motivation, and student interaction. It also projects the significance of 4’C of 21’st Century learning: critical thinking, creativity, collaboration, and communication.

Final Thought

Undoubtedly, PBL promotes student learning and offers enhanced outcomes over traditional learning systems. By engaging scholars in projects and real-based activities, teachers can enhance their competitive skills. Moreover, it also helps in assignment writing and makes them academic experts.

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